Karnataka, a land of Royal Grandeur and Oriental Glory, is the eight largest state in India, both in area and population. It was formerly known as Mysore but on 1st November 1973 the name Mysore was changed to Karnataka. The state is situated on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau and has a lush 287 km. Long coastline on the west where it abuts into the Arabian Sea. The Western Ghats, called the Malnad or hill country, have beautiful forests with waterfalls and wildlife parks. Three great rivers of the sough originate from the ghats viz., the Kaveri, the Tungabhadra and Krishna. Other smaller rivers like Shravati, have very impressive waterfalls.
Karnataka – a land with abounding scenic beauty and charm, is well known for its lovely garden cities, ornate temples and historical monuments that date back to times immemorial. A changing pageant of cultures, customs, life-styles and religions has left-its mark on this land, making it a fascinating blend of colours. The history of the state goes back to the days of Emperor Ashoka. Afterwards it became the seat to three great empires-the Kadambas, the Hoysalas and the Vijayanagar rulers. Each one of them have left their imprints in the architecture and sculpture. It is a veritable treasure house of the most magnificent sculptures and intricately carved buildings, be it in Hindu or Saracenic style. Aivalli, Pattadkal and Badami, once the stronghold of the Chalukyas, fostered the beginnings of Hindu temple architecture.
Karnataka’s attractions are varied and diverting. Belus, Halebidu and Hampi, known for its magnificent temples, containing miniature carvings that are masterpieces to marvelled at. While on the other hand, the imposing gigantic sculpture of Jain saint Gomateswara at Sravanabelagola and grandeur of the majestic Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur, the ancient capital of Mughal conquerors are spell binding.
In the sharp contrast with the simplicity of the countryside are the grand palaces, beautiful gardens and spectacular festivals like Dussehra, befitting this princely state. The state is also a fine base for the adventure sports, with the facilities of exciting game sanctuaries rich in wildlife, trekking, fishing, golf, etc. Today, this industrially developed State is also famous for its handicrafts made of metal, stone, sandalwood, rosewood, ivory and silk.
Chief Minister : Sri. Siddaramaiah
Population : 61,130,704 (2011)
Sex ratio : 968
Language: Kannada, Tulu, Kodava and Konkani.
Roads:1,15,187 km .
Railways: 2,938 km
Minerals: China-clay, Gold-ore, Limestone, Manganese.
Crops: Areca nut, Cashew nut, Coconut, Coffee, Cotton , Millets, Oilseed, Pulses, Rice, Species, Sugarcane, Tobacco.
Industries: Aircraft , Electronic , Engineering, Liquor, Machine Tools, Sandalwood and Ivory Handicraft, Silk, Telephone, Textiles, Watches.
Best Season: October- April.
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